History 10th century AD 13th century AD

Vijayabahu I, Polonnaruwa, the capital of the kingdom for over two centuries, produced two great kings. his nephew Parakramabahu 1 (1153-86 AD), not satisfied with the ouster of the ruling Sri Lanka chola 's southern India made by his uncle, not only brings the war directly on Indian soil, but went with a quick foray up in Burma. Caught by the demon at home instead of building, erected a large number of buildings in the capital and dig a large number of tanks across the country. However, the excesses in both the military and architectural wear down the country and probably the duration of Polonnaruwa as their capital.

The successor of Parakramabahu I Nissanka Malla (1187-96) was the 'last great kings of Polonnaruwa, succeeded by a series of weak and incompetent rulers until the appearance of a new kingdom in northern India''island. The tanks were neglected or destroyed and because of the decay of the system of irrigation''spread malaria, finally also Polonnaruwa. Similarly in Anuradhapura a few centuries earlier, was abandoned.

Polonnaruwa, a world heritage site, with ruins dating back to the 12th century. View Gal Vihara and the four beautiful statues of Buddha that are carved into the rock, over the remains of a former temple of Tooth Relic & many valuable historical interesting places can visit here. And visit to the largest reservoir of water for irrigation (Parakramabahu Samudraya)

Early in the 11th century AD Anuradhapura suffered one of the worst Indian invasions, Polonnaruwa became fortified with three concentric walls and became the next seat of rule with its many beautiful parks, gardens and butterflies. The City itself has many ancient shrines and is well known for the unique irrigation complex, known as the 'Sea of Parakrama', so vast is its scale.

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